DICTIONARY OF GAMING TERMS

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The gaming world is like entering a secret world where all its inhabits speak their own language.

Heaven Media has explored the World of Gaming vocabulary to bring you this glossary of terms that will help you understand your RTS from your RPG’s.

Adobe Flash
Used to create and play games on the internet.player-avatar image

Avatar
a picture or cartoon of a person or thing used to represent you in games.

Clans
Teams. If you group together with friends or people you’ve met through the game in a team you’ve set up a clan.

CO-OP
Cooperative gameplay. A style of play that allows gamers to play alongside each other and work together against another human, or computer, opponent.

Cross-Platform Play
Functionality that allows gamers who are playing on different platforms to play against each other. A player on an Xbox can play against another on a PlayStation 4 with Cross-Platform Play.

Casual Gaming
These are games pick me up put me down games played (typically by non-professionals) now and again such as Candy Crush and 2Dots.

Discord logo imageDiscord
All-in-one voice and text chat for gamers that’s free, secure, and works on both your desktop and phone.

Deathmatch
Gameplay in which the aim is to kill as many opponents as possible before a time or kill limit is reached.

Fighting Games
Pit players against each other in violent combat. Boxing and karate games can be classed as fighting games, but the term generally refers to titles that don’t focus on real-life sports Games include Mortal Kombat, Tekken, Virtua Fighter and the classic Street Fighter.

Flame
To send messages which annoy or offend others usually through conversations on messages boards or chat boards.

FPS
First Person Shooter. A combat genre that requires the player to use an array of weapons to defeat enemies. One of the most popular genres in eSports, First Person Shooters place the camera at the eyeline of the characters in the game, meaning the gamer is seeing the action through their eyes (hence the first-person element). Games include Halo, Counter-Strike: Global Offensive, Call of Duty and Overwatch, PUBG and Overwatch.

FTP
Free To Play. A game that’s largely open to gamers without the need for payment or subscription.graphics-card image

Graphics card
Hardware inside your computer which enhances the quality images such as those used in gaming.

Grinding
Some games require players to gain a certain level of points or have achieved a certain amount of goals to progress to the next stage. To do this, gamers churn away at a certain repetitive task, and that action is labelled ‘grinding’.

Indie Games
These are games which are created without the financial support of a publisher. Games include Bastion, Terraria and Braid.

Meme
An image, video, piece of text, etc., typically humorous in nature, that is copied and spread rapidly by Internet users, often with slight variations.

MMORPG
Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game. A computer game where users can connect to the internet to play with others. Games include World of Warcraft, RuneScape, EverQuest and Guild Wars.

MOBA
Multiplayer Online Battle Arena. Also known as Action Real-Time Strategy (ARTS), MOBAs are like Real-Time Strategy games but have established a firmer footprint in eSports thanks to the huge popularity of key MOBA game League of Legends. Games include League of Legends, DOTA, Heroes of The Storm and Smite.

OCCG
Online Collectable Card Game. Like traditional, offline card games, Online Collectible Card Games are all about gathering playing cards that feature characters or items with certain qualities and powers. These cards are then played against those of other players in a competitive environment. Games include Hearthstone, Magic Online and Hex.

ORPG
Online Role-Playing Game. An online game where you use an avatar to explore a virtual world, either on your own or with other people (MMORPG).

Platform Games
2D graphics, jump, climb and defeat your opponent. Games include Mario, Sonic, Super Metroid and Donkey Kong.

Plug-in
An extra bit of software code that needs to be added to your browser before you can view certain types of content – for example, you need a plug-in to view Adobe Flash files.professional-players image

Professional Player
Someone who plays games in organised tournaments for prizes and money, either by themselves or as part of a team. Though anyone who plays games competitively is technically an eSporter, only those who play in an organised tournament can be deemed a professional player.

PVE
Player vs. Environment (PvE). When gamers play against opponents controlled by the computer.

PVP
Player Vs Player. A scenario where two gamers play against each other.

Racing Games
Timed speed racing games involving vehicles like cars and bikes. Games include Forza, Project Cars and Mario Kart.

Remote attack
When your computer is attacked through the internet by a virus or hacker working on a different computer.

Resolution
The amount of detail being displayed: the higher the resolution, the more detailed an image appears.

Rhythm Games
Usually music based and rely on the games sense of rhythm to succeed. Games include Guitar Hero and Just Dance.

RPGs
Role Playing Games where the player is given the role of a character (or handful of characters) and must interact with the world they’re in to complete tasks and adventures. Games include The Witcher, Dragon Age and Assassins Creed.

RTS
Real Time Strategy. A chess analogue that allows the user to control and build units (often soldiers and armies) to defend their base and defeat their opponent. Includes games like IV, Age of Empires, Starcraft, Warhammer and Command and Conquer.

Second Life
A virtual world where people can take on an avatar and interact with other people – characters can walk around, drive, dance, fly and buy things with virtual money.Shoutcasters image

Shoutcasters
Like commentators in traditional sports, Shoutcasters give viewers updates on what’s happening during a match. Shoutcasters come in two forms: play-by-play casters (who provide the running commentary) and colour casters (who, like pundits, provide insight and supplementary comments).

Simulation Games
Recreate life’s events such as building families, cities and interactions. Games include The Sims and Zoo Tycoon.

Social gaming
Games played usually via social media or Apps normally communal games such as Farmville and Mindcraft.

Sound card
A piece of hardware in your computer which allows you to listen to sound.

Sports Games
If you can play it in real life then there is most likely a game for it, examples include FIFA, Football Manager and NBA2K.

Streamer
Someone who may or may not be a professional player, but broadcasts live streams of their gameplay on streaming sites like Twitch. Streamers can gain a large following, which makes them significant influencers and of great interest to brands.

Triple A (AAA)
Like a film blockbuster, a game is deemed a Triple A game if it has a high profile and significant financial backing. On the opposite end of the scale, independent games that have big ambitions are sometimes referred to as Triple-Is.

Trojan
A program which appears harmless but is carrying inside viruses, worms or even another program that will damage your computertwitch logoimage

Troll
A term widely used on the internet to describe someone who deliberately posts contentious and inflammatory remarks online to provoke others. These remarks can be on internet forums, chat rooms or in comment fields of blog articles.

Twitch
The world’s leading video platform and community for gamers.

Video card
A piece of hardware inside your computer which helps it to show you high quality video files

Zombie computer
A personal computer connected to the internet which has been unwittingly hijacked by a hacker and used to do what the hacker wants without the owner even noticing – often to run DoS attacks or to send spam emails.